There is an increasingly obvious phenomenon in Colombia: Rapid aging of the population. This was announced by Juan Daniel Oviedo, director of the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DEN), who indicated that 7.1 million people living in the country are 60 years of age or older, i.e, 13.9% of the total population,
During this the figures were released by the official XV International Congress on Aging and Healthy Aging, inaugurated this Friday in Cartagena, an event where experts from 26 scientific societies and speakers from 17 countries debate which policies should be implemented so that people can age in a healthy way.
During his speech, the Director of DEN pointed out that the 2018 Population and Housing Census confirmed that, Since the 2005 census, Colombia’s population has aged very rapidly.
“It is important to say that there are more than 23,000 people over the age of 100 in a country where the characteristics show us that this population group shows a very significant vulnerability with a high prevalence of chronic diseases such as heart disease. It added that 76% of confirmed and suspected COVID-19 deaths were in people over the age of 60,” explained Oviedo, according to La FM radio.
However, the official said aging is not reported in the same way across the country. According to Oviedo, in The Coffee Axis reports older adultsIn fact, the unit estimates that, by 2026, the population above 60 and below 15 years of age syrup “It will grow faster than the economically active population in the department”, This was reported by the same media.
Even the President of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology, José Augusto García pointed out during the meeting that, In 2050, Colombia will have 23% of older adults (60 years or more) of its total population, that is, 1 in 4 ColombiansAccording to El Colombiano newspaper.
The Director of DEN also expressed his concern about the disparity in pension matters among Colombia’s elderly population. In general, only 25.5% of people in the country enjoy their pension, especially in cities where informality has been low What Manizales, Bogotá and Medellin.
,Whereas cities on the Caribbean coast have more informality Especially in Sinsalejo, Ryohacha, Veledupar, as well as in Cucuta V.We have less number of people enjoying pension“However they are older, it is a disparity in the elderly population that is defined by regional entities.”Oviedo specified, as reported by FM Radio.
Disease and poverty, aspects that must be addressed to guarantee healthy old age in Colombia
Those aspects were put on the table by Oviedo because, according to Dane, In 2021, 45.5% of the elderly population in Colombia has been diagnosed with a chronic disease, a position described as possessing ,very worrying”, because they are long-lasting pathologies and have a long treatment, as reported by El Colombiano.
NS Poverty It was also classified by Oviedo as an important point to be addressed in the country for the substantial aging of the population, because according to the same media, in 2020, out of 21 million Colombians living in poverty, There were about 2 million older adults, i.e. 28.4%.
In this regard, the experts participating in the event highlighted the importance of countries working not only to promote and prevent diseases, but also to ensure that people over the age of 60 can access good jobs. .