Prime Minister of Italy, mario dragio, and the President of France, Emmanuel MacronToday‘s treaty was signed in Rome quirinal, an agreement considered by both”historical“With the aim of promoting and introducing the Franco-Italian axis in Europe new era In relations between the two countries after overcoming the difficulties of recent years.
“The quest for European sovereignty means designing the future of Europe for what we want, not what others want,” Draghi said after signing at a joint news conference with Macron. Europe “more integrated, democratic and sovereign” And that their relationship has been maintained even in “the most difficult times”, such as during the pandemic.
The agreement, sealed by Draghi and Macron, was also sealed in a solemn but emotional act in the symbol of Italian power, the Quirinal Palace, and construction in the presence of the head of the Italian state, Sergio Matarella, It represents progress in bilateral cooperation in foreign policy, security and defence, justice, migration policy, economic and industrial cooperation, education and culture.
But this alliance also has another purpose: to promote a common front between Paris and Rome, giving both countries more weight at a delicate moment. balance of powers With the departure of the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel in the European Union (EU), after more than 15 years in the politics of the old continent.
The Quirinal Treaty aims to “reinforce the convergence of the positions of Paris and Rome in Europe,” acknowledged sources in the Italian government, who insisted that the agreement is reached when “bilateral relations are exceptional.” Although Franco-German ties remain important to Macron, the French president also wants to look to Italy, whose reputation has grown since the arrival of former banker Draghi, who has achieved one. unprecedented consent Both in Italian politics, leading a government of “national unity”, and in the international community.
The march of the incomparable Merkel, the woman who “led” Europe over the past decade and will be replaced by a face completely unknown to Europeans like Olaf Scholz, seems the right time, although Macron assured at a press conference today that she would ” Not obsessed with leadership”.
The name of the agreement is a clear indication Treaty of Elysee, which France and Germany signed in 1963 and which provided a boost from the Franco-German axis, which became the true engine of Europe. And it’s no coincidence.
The good times between Italy and France also benefit from the excellent personal relationship between Draghi and Macron, who has been toppled six times since the former president of the European Central Bank (ECB) came to power nine months ago. have met. The crisis that called into question the management of millionaire European funds given by the pandemic.
a “common effort”
The treaty itself is an example of this, close a turbulent period He also reached out to the call for consultation with the French Ambassador to Italy, when in 2019 the current Foreign Minister, luigi di maio, met with anti-French anti-government protesters known as the “Yellow Vest”.
Actually, the agreement started in 2017 under the government of Italy. paolo gentiloni, the current EU Economic Commissioner, but was paralyzed during the mandate of Giuseppe Conte, until the arrival of Draghi allowed it to end successfully.
treaty is 12 items on critical matters such as migration, in which a “general commitment to a responsible policy” is established; cooperation in terrorism in Africa, where jihadist movements threaten Europe; Or defence, when the EU debates on creating its own common security system without forgetting aspects such as space, science or culture.
In addition, to testify that these advances are not a dead letter, Paris and Rome have committed to holding an annual intergovernmental summit chaired by the heads of government and the ministers involved, with the ultimate goal of achieving an “outstanding” common sense. To intensify the bond between two countries closely linked by the Mediterranean Sea.