According to a report, submitted on November 23, carried out by the Commission to Monitor Public Policy on Forced Displacement – CSPPDF, with support from the USAID Program for Participation and Collective Reparation and the Consultancy for Human Rights and Displacement – CODHES, which detailed A quantitative analysis of 907 families of victims of forced displacement in 20 municipalities in Colombia showed that four out of 10 victims of displacement stopped eating 3 times a day.
At the end of this report, conducted between the months of May and June 2021, Luis Jorge Gare – CSPPDF – Director of the Commission’s Verification Team for the Monitoring of Public Policy on Forced Displacement “Aims to examine the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on access to education, health, work and income rights, perceptions of poverty, food shortages and the digital divide of displaced populations.”
Regarding the lack of food, The study indicates that out of 907 households surveyed, 337 stopped eating three meals a day, while those who ate only once a day dropped from 21 to 193. Similarly, it shows that 622 households ate less than they wanted or complained of hunger due to lack of food or money to buy it.
Similarly, despite being a priority population with more vulnerabilities, 32.7% of displaced families said they had not received any government assistance during the pandemic.
The study also showed that during pandemics, victims of forced displacement have seen greater factors of infringement of their rights, particularly in relation to income generation and food.
“At the socioeconomic level, we found evidence of three major negative impacts on the economy of displaced populations during the pandemic: loss of employment or work activity; a sharp drop in incomes already precarious from the pandemic; and increasing difficulties in meeting household expenses such as food, public services and rent”, Gare said.
On this topic, the study indicates that only 47.4% of the displaced people working as workers and private employees kept their jobs in the pandemic. 8 out of 10 households surveyed said they were in poverty, 18.8% considered themselves very poor and 63.2% said they were poor.
With regard to education, the monitoring commission indicated that The gross educational coverage rate in secondary education remains low (81%) and high (23.7%) for displaced youth, reflecting the problems of educational provision in municipalities.
The commission warned about the impact on the training process, where 85.9% of displaced families reported connectivity problems for remote access to education and 38.6% of displaced children and adolescents are not enrolled in educational establishments.
With regard to connectivity, The study revealed that 3 out of 10 displaced families did not have internet access, while 84.6% did not have enough technical equipment (computer, tablet or smart phone) to supply the activities of the entire family.
Against this background, the Commission to Oversee Public Policy on Forced Displacement calls on the national government and competent authorities to recognize and focus on the protection of displacement victims as part of a national strategy to reduce the impact of the pandemic. requested. Their fundamental rights have priority because of their displacement status.
To prepare for the study, a quantitative analysis of 907 families of forced displacement victims in 20 municipalities in Colombia was conducted. The surveyed municipalities were: San Jacinto, Ovejas, El Carmen de Bolivar, Cartagena, Santa Marta, Chibolo, Bojaya, Buenaventura, Pasta, Tumaco, Chaparral, Ataco, Planadas, Rioblanco, Buenos Aires. Santander de Quilichao, Bogotá, Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla.