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The Diplomat Magazine: How to define the Republic of China’s deep influence on both sides of the Taiwan Strait

On the 22nd, the website of “The Diplomat” magazine published an article titled “Taiwan:”.Republic of China“The Future” published an article highlighting how how the Republic of China is defined could have a profound impact on cross-Strait relations.

Vice President of the Democratic Progressive Partylai qingdeIn January, he was elected as the next President of Taiwan. This election was the first time since Taiwan’s democratization that the same political party has been in power for three consecutive terms. The opening ceremony of Lai Ching-te will be held on 20 May.

“The Diplomat” wrote in an article that Lai Ching-te’s victory has drawn attention to how the incoming president views relations between Taiwan and China and how he will build on the 1992 consensus, China has repeatedly asked Taiwan to confirm this.

In Taiwan, 60% want to maintain the status quo, and less than 10% support reunification with China. The focus of debate among Taiwanese people is not reunification and independence, but how to maintain the status quo. Relations with China are discussed on the basis of this point.

Shin Kawashima, a professor at the University of Tokyo in Japan, pointed out in the article that the potential issue here is how to deal with the “Republic of China.” As we all know, after former President Lee Teng-hui abandoned the policy of “counterattack on the mainland”, he described the relationship between the Republic of China and Taiwan as “the Republic of China in Taiwan”, which means that The Republic of China is located in Taiwan. This shows that the Republic of China no longer desires unification with China, but is now in Taiwan.

However, there is a certain distance between the Republic of China and Taiwan, as the Republic of China is described as existing within Taiwanese territory. Therefore, Lee Teng-hui terminated the administrative functions of Taiwan Province between the Republic of China and Taiwan, and retained the administrative functions of Fujian Province with jurisdiction over the Kinmen and Matsu Islands.

In contrast, the outgoing PresidentTsai Ing-WenIn 2019, the expression “Taiwan, Republic of China” was used. It represents the identity of the Republic of China with Taiwan, meaning that the two are united.

That is why the Tsai Ing-wen administration has made the Fujian Provincial Government of the Republic of China history. This shows that Taiwan is under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China, and that Taiwan and the Republic of China are one.

However, Tsai Ing-wen does not deny that the Republic of China was founded in China in 1912. A logical leap is still needed to bring the Republic of China on par with Taiwan. In any case, it can be said that Tsai Ing-wen wants to maintain the status quo without abandoning the framework of the Republic of China.

The article notes that this attempt to treat the Republic of China as equal to Taiwan and maintain the status quo on this basis is commonly referred to as “China independence”. The question is whether the Lai government will maintain “Taiwan, Republic of China”, because if the new president chooses not to maintain it, he is likely to choose so-called “Taiwan independence”, meaning that Taiwan is Taiwan.

Kawashima writes that the latest debate is about relations between Taiwan’s new government and the People’s Republic of China (PRC), but the first discussion within Taiwan may be about the definition of “Republic of China”. The old system of the Republic of China can now be seen everywhere in Taiwan. What steps will the new government take in this regard? If the Kuomintang wins the election, it will be impossible for the Kuomintang to reject the Republic of China or abolish its old system. However, it is clear that the new government of Lai Ching-te will move in this direction.

At the end of the article, it is pointed out that China does not distinguish between “China’s independence” and “Taiwan’s independence”, and likely does not accept both, as both contain the word “independence”. . Perhaps this is why Beijing is so determined to oppose the DPP as a whole. However, how to deal with the “Republic of China” in Taiwan is of great importance to Taiwan and also affects Taiwan’s relations with China. Because the element of “Republic of China” is the point of unification with “China”; Without it, “Taiwan is Taiwan.”

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