Mariana Lima Buendia was murdered in 2010, her femicide was about to be equal to another hundred, Thousands of stories that went unnoticed in Mexico, But it was not; Thanks to the tireless struggle of his mother Irenia Buendia to discover the truth and compels the state to recognize the many lapses, negligence and hindrances in her murder.
On 28 June 2010, Mariana told her mother, Irenia, that she would move into the house she had shared with her husband for two years. Julio Cesar “en” was the sum of the reasons for ending their relationship, however, because of the violence committed during that time, including deception, beatings, rape, subjugation and refusal to allow her to work. He did not return, was murdered that night.
Mariana studied lawSince she was a child, she told her mother that she wanted to become an advocate to protect the poor, so her efforts paid off and she managed to study at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
She met Julio César “en” who was serving as the commander of the Judicial Police of the municipality of Chimalhuacan., the state of Mexico, where she worked, loved her, she fell in love and they soon married, but It was the beginning of hell for Mariana, He was jealous, beat her, humiliated her and even demanded she stop working.
On the morning of June 29, Irene got a call that no mother would want to receive, It was her daughter’s husband who promised to love and care for her, he was blunt and cold, he told her that Mariana had committed suicide, that he had just come home and how he found it, but It was all a lie.
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“When I found her she was lying on the bed and her body was beatenIt was as if he had given her a bath. He knew about the violence that Julius Caesar was inflicting on him And he had told her that the night before she was going to leave him, she wanted to continue with her life, but she didn’t allow it.
Mariana died at the age of 29 at the hands of her husband, she arranged the scene and put on a thin lace of bow as a gift (who apparently could not maintain his body weight suspended before the alleged “suicide”), he told his colleagues in the public ministry that there was “no need” to investigate and that he had taken his own life.
It took Irenia Bendia six years to get justice for her daughter’s murder, but Their fight set a historic precedent for the prosecution of feminism in Mexico by bringing the case to the nation‘s highest court. and ask the judges to issue a review of the case to highlight the lapses and negligence that have been enforced.
The conflict between her mother Irenia Buendia and her father Lauro Lima exposed Mariana’s assailant, a ministerial police officer of the State of Mexico with whom she had married. He is currently in jail and awaiting sentencing.
Five years after the cowardly murder of Mariana, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) on March 25, 2015, obtained from file 554/2013 on the case of the young woman, established in the said judgment. He:
,In case of death of women, the behaviors causing the death should be identified and the presence or absence of gender motives or causes should be verified. Those who originated or explained a violent death, preserve specific evidence to determine whether sexual violence occurred and to determine whether the victim was drowned in the context of the violence Prepares relevant expert reports.
what does the sentence establish Relevant to investigations into violent deaths of women across Mexico, as it forces the authorities to use gender perspective as a tool to verify whether gender is the cause in the said death.
Mariana Lima Buendia’s decision marks a before and after investigation, as it establishes the importance of taking specific action and investigation must include realization of criminal concepts with a gender perspective.
In Article 227 it refers to the ability of the justice system to repair damages. by the authorities and to promote a cultural change and Forces state to examine with gender perspective in cases of violence against women.
It also stipulates in Article 105 that one method must be applied to all judicial disputes even when the parties do not make a request. To verify whether there is a situation of violence or vulnerability that prevents justice from being fully and equitably distributed because of gender issues.
Despite the relevance of the case and the SCJN’s landmark decision, it was not considered in the updated version of the Protocol to judge from the gender perspective of the SCJN.
Apart from the non-incorporation of the sentence which explains in detail what it means to judge from the point of view of gender, said the lapse is the lack of identification of the victims and their families, whose road to access to justice is long and trampled upon by the equal authorities of justice. This means a setback in which the SCJN misses an opportunity to establish in a strong manner how women and violent deaths of women should be investigated and how gender perspective should be incorporated.
It was thus that Irenia Buendia managed not only to uncover the outrageous truth about her daughter’s omission, but also to assess the seriousness of the murder of women in Mexico, which does not seem remote, but women. What they are looking for is that the end of impunity. #Niunamuertamás.
Irenia Buendia attacked the daughter of the originator of the homicide classification
Miriam Rodriguez, the woman who persecuted her daughter’s killers across Mexico and put a dozen behind bars
Feminist activist Isabel Cabanillas was murdered in Ciudad Juárez
They will reopen the case of Marisela Escobedo, the activist who persecuted her daughter’s killer and was killed by Zetas.
Marisela Escobedo: The Dramatic Story of the Woman Who Was Killed to Investigate the Murder of Her Daughter